Health, Fitness & Well-Being

Physical, Emotional & Social Health

Key Terms


Health is 'a state of complete physical, emotional and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity'.


Fitness is 'a person's capacity to carry out life's activities without getting too tired. It is often used as a measure of the body's ability to function efficiently and effectively'.


Well-Being is 'a feeling or mental state of being contented, happy, prosperous and healthy'.

Physical Benefits of Exercise


Exercise will help injuries to heal and enable the body to retain its fitness levels.

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)

Less likely to suffer from CHD. Exercise will help to keep the heart and blood supply healthy.

Blood Pressure

More likely to be the normal levels for a healthy person.

Bone Density

More likely for bones to have normal bone density and be less likely to be damaged during everyday activities.


Less likely for someone to be obese if regular exercise is a feature of their lifestyle.

Type 2 Diabetes

This is less likely for those who exercise regularly with people having lower body fat and more normal blood sugar levels


Posture is more likely to be normal, with fewer problems with the muscles of the back.


The more active you are, the much more likely you are to be fit and therefore have more energy for everyday life.

Emotional Benefits of Exercise

Self-Esteem & Confidence

Exercise can help you feel better about yourself and feel confident in the way you look and that you can achieve fitness goals.

Activity can help to release hormones that make you feel better and happier.

Stress Management

An active person often feels that the stresses of everyday life can be forgotten or released through exercise and so they manage stress more effectively.


An active person is more likely to have a good level of self-image. In other words, they feel that they look good to themselves and to others.

Social Benefits of Exercise


Exercise can help people make friends with others who are involved in physical activities. The improved levels of self-esteem may also help people to make friends with others.

Belonging To A Group

Exercise enables people to belong to a team or an exercise class or a jogging club, for example. There are many opportunities for the more active to join groups and gain a sense of belonging.


Exercise gives many opportunities to meet and be with other participants. Sports teams often have friendship groups within them, but also a collective identity. Those in a team can feel that they belong and therefore are less likely to be isolated.

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