Reasons to set goals:
- To encourage the person to stick to their training programme.
- To motivate the performer to try their best and work hard to achieve their goal.
- To improve the persons performance as the goal will be challenging but realistic, this will cause them to get fitter/better at their sport.
Goals must be to the point and specific about what you want to achieve.
For example an overall goal may be ‘I want to get fitter’ but this isn’t very specific, it is better to set smaller, more specific goals; these act as a series of steps to a bigger goal.
A better goal would be ‘I want to run 100m further in my cooper run test the next time I complete it’.
Goals must be able to be measured so that athlete can see if they have achieved it.
For example an overall goal may be ‘I want to get better at taking shots in games and score more goals’ but this isn’t as measureable as it could be.
A better goal would be ‘I want to improve my shooting to score 3 goals in my next 5 matches’.
Goals should be challenging but they should still be able to be reached.
For example an overall goal may be ‘I want to reduce my 100m sprint time from 14.2 seconds to 9.2 seconds the next time I race’ but this is unrealistic.
A better goal would be ‘I want to reduce my 100m sprint time by 0.5s over the next 2 months’.
Goals should be wrote down before you start working towards them. This allows the athlete to monitor their progress towards the goal.
For example if a rugby player set themselves the target of scoring 15 tries that season but didn’t record this they may not be as motivated to achieve it or lose track of whether they have achieved the goal or not.
Goals should be set with a time in which they should be completed by, they should have an end point.
For example an overall goal may be ‘I currently run 5km in 28 minutes, I want to be able to run 5km in 25 minutes’.
A better goal would be ‘I want to run 5km in 25 minutes with the next 4 weeks’.